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Tbougb I be abfent in tbefiejb, yet am 1 mtb yon In thejpiritjoycmg and 
beboldingyom order and tbefiedfafinejfe ofyonrfaitb in Cbrift* 

Printed, Anno M DC XL I. 



. V 

' .-. ... 


To the Reader. 

MY defires at this time to know and to make 
knownto ethers the form of Government and 

/w u °l °f W ,° r ? li JP ufed ia thc Church of Sett- 
lmd y have brought thefc following lineaments to light 
l here come daily into my hands without my feekiae I 
fome one forme of Church Government oroth 1 

k ;^^dt" h ° rS ' I V r thdrl0Ve to RcfomSS 
in their judgement* did conceive : But I muft eonfefle 

they did the lefle relifh with me that they we'e dTre! 

colons and modells without the example or praSifc of 
any ofthc Chriftian Churches, and were *%*£% 

the Church cfScotlwd,bux,\>cm% nothing but an Abridge- 
ment and containing generalls oncly, It did notfafis- 

f& IT a,f ? many u° f thc S° dl y much varied of 
jhe Prelacy, mho yet bow their fhoulder to bear, and 
couch down between the two burthens, becaufc be- 
ing unacquainted with the Government of theRcfor- 
■med Churches, they do not know what to choofe, and 
fear(asto them who are in the dark is ufuall)they know 
no what. Such lasthefc do rather fufferthimfelvesto. 
be led away with thc policy of Pacuvh* at C^.which 
in fuch a cafe was cmmendablc, then refolve to follow 

i,?^ ^ ^ Whcnthc Lord called him, Cctthc 
out of thy ftmref&c. mo aUnd which IwUllhewthee 
Gen.12 .i. What he was toforfake, and the Terminus I 
<[m of his removing, he did know; But whether h C; 

IT 2 was' 

Tithe Reader, 

was to go and the Termini ad quern, he did not know, 
refting affured that God would (hew it him. In our 
own affairs we may think the cvill known to be better 
th^n the good unknown; But it holdeth not in tnc 
matters of God, nor when we fpeak of Malum turpe 
and bonum honejlum, the evill of finne and the good of 
obedience. But as they who travell from the South to 
the North, lofing the fight of the one Pole conic in 
fight of the other, and as they go on the North Pole 
is elevated to them by degrees : So is it here, if men 
would once forfake and turn their back upon that 
which they know to be \vrong 3 and would ask the way 
to Zion with their faces thitherward, the Lord would 
teach them his way, 

I muft confefTe that I did give too much ear and audi- 
ence to the mifinformation of many (fomay 1 call it 
now after true imformation) who would have made 
me to believe, i. That the true government of that 
Church was Epifcopall, and that befide the order of 
Epifcopacy, there was nothing in that Church, but 
diforder and confufion through the Parity of their 
Miniftcrs, ***« *&« *Av »«/Vr©- that all did fpeak and no 
man did hear any thing of another. 2. That they had 
no certain rule or dire&ion for their publike worihip, 
but that every man following his extemporary fanfic, 
dicf preach and pray what feemed good in his own 
eyes. And 5, (which was to me an huge rock of 
offence) That they were enemies to Kings for no other 
caufe, but that they are Kings: and, out of a defireof 
Anarchy, did preferre Democracic to Monarchical! 
Government : Great crimes I can not deny, and much 
to be abhorred, for they are dcftru&ive of all Ecclefi- 
afticall and Civile Order, and do break both the ftaves 
of beauty and of boncb* 


Jo the Reader. 

But upon tryall I did remember that, if accufation 
were guiltineffe, no party conld be innocenc, and found 
that it was nothing fo as was alledged : for concer- 
ning the fii ft, 1 called to minde the pradife of a painter 
of old , who being defired to reprefent the body 6f 
Hercules y did expreffe^nothing of the lineaments of his 
face, ftature or members, but did onely make a refem- 
blance of the Lyons skin, which he was wont to ca rry 
about as the badge of his ftrength, and the Trophee 
of his honour. Epifcopacy was never the face nor or- 
der of that Church. In the moft part of their aflem- 
blies have they confli&ed with it, and by the ftrength 
of God obtaining the vi&ory both of ©Id, and much 
more of late They may well number it among their 
fpoiles. The order of their Miniflers each one (landing 
in his own ftation, and none ufurping over another, and 
the Subordination of their fourc kindes of affemblies, 
joyningtheconfent and obedience of the people, are 
the face and ftrength of that Church. Againft the fc- 
cond , The form of prayers , adminiftration of the 
Sacraments, admiifion of Miniftcrs,Excommunicatiozv 
folemnizing of marriage, vifitation of the fick, 8cc. 
which are ftt down before their P/i/w-Book, and to 
which the Miniftcrs are to conforme thcmfelves, is a 
fufficient witneflc: for although they be not tyedto 
fct formes and words* yet arc they not left at randomc, 
but for tcftif ying their confent and keeping unity, they 
have their directory and prefcribed order* No where 
hath preaching and the miniftery more fpirituall and 
lefle jcarnall liberty , the Presbytery and affemblies 
encouraging to the one and rcftraining from the other. 
Andagamftthcthird > Their Confeflion of Faith, the 
do&rine and prayers of their Church, their late dccla- 

A rations 

To the Reader. 

rations and remonftrances, and what is contained in 
theconclufion of this Treatife, expreflfe as much re- 
fpc& and reverence to magiftracy, as any Chriftian 
Prince will require. 

I was alio ilrongly drawn to the liking of that 
Church by the Teftimonies given unto their Refor- 
mation by fome of themoft famous witneffes of this 


One is of that worthy Scottifh Martyr Mr. George 

This Realm fhall be illuminate with the light of Chrifts 
GolpJ, as ckarly asever was Realm (liice the dayes of the Ap;,- 
files. The houleofGod fhall bebuilded in it, yea it fhillnot 
lack (watfocver the enemy imagine to the contrary) the very 
top-ftone; the glory of God fhall evidently appear, and (hill 
once triumph in d-fpight of Satan. But alas, if thepeopl- ihall - 
be after nnthankfnll, thenfearfull and terrible (hall the plagues 
be that after (hall follow. Hift.of the Church of Scotland^ 

Another of BezA. 

Magnum hoc Dei muntu This is a great gift of God, that you 

quod una & religiontm pn* have brought into Scotland, together 

ra t &&>TiZi4M,doBriii£ 9 viz. pure Religion and good order, which 

ret mend* vinculum, inSc§- is the bond to hold faft the Do&rine. 

tiam intuliftif. Sic obfecr§ I heartily pray and befeech for Gods 

&akefior b*c ducfimulrf* fake, Hold faft thefe two together fo, 

tinett, utuno amijjb alteram that you may remember, that if one 

diu permanere non pojfe fern* be loft, the other cannot long rs- 

ptrmemmtritK. Sicnt Epi» main. So Bifliops brought forth po- 

fcopipapatumpepertrunt, ita pery, fo falfcBiihops, thercliqucs 

ffendoepifcopoi papatw rtli- of popery, (hall bring into the world 

quia* Epicureifmu terrk in* . Epicurcifm. Whofoever would have 

vtUurosibanc peftem cave ant 9 the Church fafe, let them beware of 

fuifslvam Ecelefiam cupim this p; ft, and feeing you have rime* 

mt , &qunm iUam in Scotia ly df patched it in Scotland, I befeech 

inumpmpffiigarii 9 nttpi£- you never admit it again, albeit it 


To the Reader. 

fe Mam unqurin admittas, flatter with (hew or the prdlrva- 
quantumvi* tmitatU retinen- tin of unity, which hath decei- 
ddjpecis, qu* vet e res etiam ved many of the beft of the Ai ci- 
optimosmultos fefellii blan~ ents. 
diatur. Bez Epifiqg. 

A third of the body of Confeflions of faith. It is 
the rare priviledgeof theChurch o£fo>//.W before many, in which 
refped her nam* is famous , even among ftrangers , that about 
the fpace of four and titty years 

w it hout fchifme, let be here/ie , fhe Eft iUud Eeclefi* Sc otic ant 
hath kept and holdenfaft unity with privilegium rarum prs muU 
purity of doctrine. The grcateft tvsjnquoetiamejusnomenam 
help of this unity, through the mer- pud exteroj fiat celebre % quod 
cy of God, was, that with the do- circ iter atmos plus minttt 54. 
cTrine,thcdifciplincofGhriftandthc fine febifmate ncdumbdrefi 
Apostles, as it is prefcribed in the unitattm cum puritate do~ 
Word of God , was by little Brin* fervaverit & retinue- 
and little together received f and rife* Hujus unitatis adminu 
according to that difciplinefo neer culum ex Dei mifericordia 
as might be, the w nongovernment maximum Juit 9 quod p.mla- 
of the Church was difoofed. By this tim turn do&rina , Cbrifii& 
means all the feeds of fchifmes and ^pofiokrum. di(ciplinam } fi* 
errors, (o foon as they began to bud, cut ex verbo Dei cftprsfcrip* 
and fhew themfelves 3 in the very ta,unafuit recepta^&^quam 
breeding and birth, were /mothered proixme fieri potuit^ fecun- 
and rooted our. The Lord God of his dumeam mum regimen Ec- 
infinite goodneflfe grant unto the clcfiafticumfitit adminiftra* 
Kings moft gracious Maiefty, to all turn n^c ratione omnia fSifi 
the rulers of the Church,to the pow- ntatum atque errorum femina 
ers that arc the Nuriers of the qfam^rimumpullulare^aut 
Church, that according to the Word fi exerere vifa fmt , in ipfa 
of God, they may keep perpetually qt^fiberba&partufintjuf. 
that unity and purity of doctrine, foe at a #• extirpata. Vet Do* 
Amen. mint* Dcus^pro immenfafu 

a bonhate Regie LMajefia- 
ti SereniJJlmo^mnibufque Ecchfiarum gubernatoribus , potefiatibw 
geclefi* nutritiis, ut ex Dei verbo illam unitatetn & doQr'm&puritatem 
pupetno conferment, Amen. Corp, Confejf.fidei, 

A 2 The 

The fourth of King lames of happy memory. 
The R.iigb.i piroftffcd in this Couarr^wheruniwas brought 
up, and em m .d: profetfion of 5 wd wi-fli ts my fon ever to conti- 
nue in the fame, a> ih: cncly true form of Grls Worfhip, &-. 
f do equally love and honour the learned andgrave men of either 
of cheje opinions* that iikebctt.r of ih: fingleform c*f policy iii 
our Church, than or the many Ceremonies of the Church o'cEng^ 
Iznd^ &c. I exhort my fon to be bene.iciall to the good men of 
the Miniftry,praIGn§ God that there is prefently a fufficient num. 
ber of good mei of them in this K'.ngdorn , and yet are th :y a;i 
known to bcagainft the form of the Engl i(n Church* Bafil- 
dor. To the Reader, And in the Affcmbly 1590 his 
Majefty praifedGod, for that he was born to bcaKingu 
thefincereit. Church in the world, &c» 

The fift is of Brigkman ? o\xt own Countryman 3 who 
joyneth the Churches of 'Helvetia Juevia,Geneva,France % 
Holland^ Scotland, all together into one Church, 
for the Counter-payn of the Church of Philadelphia, 
becaufe, /<*///> hc>xhzy almoft live -by one and the fame laws and 
manner or Government, as touching any matter of moment 
Neither doth the dtftancc of phce break offthat foci:ty which the 
Conjoyning of mindes and good will coupleth together, 
having thus joyned them into one Church,he fubjoya- 
eth concerning it. Loth would I be to provoke tny man to 
envy, or to grieve him with my words, yet this I muft fay there 
is no place, where the doctrine foundeth not more purely, the 
worinip of God is exetcited more uncorruptly : where more 
faithfull diligence of the Paftors doth flourish , or more free aud 
willing obedience is given by the people 5 nor yet where there is 
greater reverencing of the whole Religion among all orders 
And afterward,Neitber doth it onely keep the doctrine of fal- 
vation free from corruption, but it doth alio both deliver in wri- 
ting and exercife in praftice that fincere manner of government, 
whereby meu are made partakers of {kWation t Rtvel,oftbt ApcaU 

To.thefc may be added what upon the one hand h 


faid by thefe of thcfeparation in their firft petition to 
to King lames, in r en in their Apology to the Doctors of 
Oxford. Wcare willing and r? a iy ro fiibicribc to thcte grounds 
of Religion pubiiilicd in xhz Corielfion of Faith ma Je by the 
Cnurch of Scotland, hoping in the u.iity of the fame Faith to 
befivcctSy Jcius Cirift: being alio like minded for a-, d with 
orrcr Ri-frrtned Churches in points of greateft moment, 
And upon the other hand, That the meetings of Mi- 
nifters for intei preting Scripture, like unto their Pref- 
byterics werealloweiby^^i^//, Hmonznd Matthew* 
three Archbifliops in England, and proved very pro- 
fitable in the Northern parts for increafe of know- 
ledge both in Miniftcrs and People. 

But all thefe and the like teftimonies were to me but 
like the faying of the woman of Samaria to her Coun- 
trey-men, till I did more fully underftand the conftitu- 
tion and order of that Church. Then did I believe, 
not becaufe of their teftimonies, but becaufc I did fee 
and know. And from that which Ihavefeenand do 
now know when I have walked and gone round about 
that Church, when I have told the Towers thereof, 
marked well her Bulwarks,and confidered her pallaces, 
I may without offence affirm three things. 

Firft, That God hath not dealt fo with every nation, 
if envy would permit, Imighr fay, any nation, as he 
hath dealt with them. Whereof no caufe can be given 
but his own good pleafure, he fhoweth mercy, and 
maketh his Sunne to fhine on whom and were he will, 
and of him , and through him , and for him are all 

Secondly, that it isnomarvail if that Nation ftand 
to the defence of their Reformation,had the Lord been 
pleafcd to bleffe u$ with the like at the time of our Rc- 

A i formation 

To the Reader. 

formation we would not have been fo unwife as to 
make exchange of it with Prelacy, we would have 
forfaken all things rather then have forfaken it, It is 
more ftrange that any fhould have been found amongtt 
them at any time to fpeak or to do againft their own 

Church : But after you have with c , ... 

^ r i • , j Sea auum omnia rat: one ammo* 

yourreafon and nude mad: age- \ ftr4ril tmAm JkUu . 
ncrallfurvey of all there l„, „iu a efi ' ior „ J llBa ca , 
is none more grave, more dear then r ^ ' * ^ R e{ub . 

that which .achoneof us hath „£% -^ e n Cari f mt 
with his Countrey ; Parents are p arm l t£a i m J Mi ^i 
dear, Children, Friends, familiars familiare udJmlmrium 
are dear; But our native Countrey J caritaUl L\ ria una cm{kxs 
alone taketh all tbefc w ,th.n her efif ri q / aquii Mhet mortem 
compaffe, for which what good Il rti /«fo r /* w ? 
man would doubt to die,could his >* . ^aJ^J F ifiamm im , 
death fcrve her for good? So much ^ '• Uce / xrmt omni 
the more dcteftable is their barba- r ceUrt Jmam &m taftinditn 
nty , who have wnhallkinde of ^^ , £ fmt & ^ 

wickedruff: rent afunder their na- ^ cicer. OfB: 1. 1. 
tive Countrey 5 and both are and 

have been exercifed in overturning her from the very foundation. 
If a Patriotc fpoke fo of his Countrey, a Citizen fo of 
hisRepublike, what fhould the Chriftian born, bap- 
tized, and bred in Scotland think and fay,if he have been 
borne there not only to this mortall,but to that immor- 
tall and everlafting life: No children on earth have 
better reafon to fay , Wee are not afhamed of our 
Mother, and it were to be wiflied that the faying were 
reciprocally true. 

Thirdly, having the pattern of all the Reformed 
Churches before us, and this example fo neer unto us, 
what need we to ftand amazed, as not knowing what 
tochoofe. To abide that which we have been, is nei- 
ther profitable nor poflible, To conjoy n the two in one 
is but the mixture of Iron with Clay, and rauft needs 


To the Reader. 
make the diftemper greater. It were well for us (and 
no other well for us can I fee) that laying aiide our 
high conceit of our felves, and the low cfteem of other 
reformed Churches We would refolvc to follow them 
as they follow Chrift, and not todefpifcti e govern- 
ment of Chrift, becaufe they feeme to be but Mole- 
hihi But toconformetothem, becaufe they arc con- 
forme to Chrift, and to the pattern Ihewed in the 
Mountain. What reciprocation of giving and recei- 
ving in matters of Religion , hath beene betweene 
this and the Scottifti Nation may be knowne by the 
Nee multo poft Hi qnoque qui words of Bcda> but fpeaking 

infitlam Hit incolcbant Mana* j n his OWnidiorne,3CCOrding 

cbi Scotia* Natmit, cum his tothc groun dsof popery. 

FffikifMita erantmonafte. NqC ,* aftcf thc foj^ of 

tn$ x adntum pafcb^&ton. t h eS cottifo Nation, who lived in 

fur* Canmtcum, dommo pre. rhe I|in( , m ^ wkh ^ MQQa _ 

curante )P cMju»t&c And fterics under thc ir power were 

afterward, guodmira dtvin* brought into thc riteof obferving 

fsaHmcmfiatdijpenfatimepie. f Eafier ^ ndo i (haven Crownes. 

taw, titqHoniamGmsiUaqu* The £ Qrd bringing } t fo to paffc 

^^.T (he&euldhavcafcribed it to 

Urn* - hbtnter ac fine mvidta. r . . _ „,, . , . 

fcpnlo AngUrum communicate father fpint). Which certain- 
curavit, ipfa anoqut poftmtdnm V wasdoncby the marvcllout di& 
per Genttm Anglomm, in eU penfation of divine mercy, that 
quamminnebabuerat 9 adper. becaufe that Nation, who had thc 
fe&amvivendi normam perve* icl ™ co * dl ™ c knowledge, did 
nirct. BcdaecdcChifr.gentis willingly and without envy com- 
Anel. 1. 5. c.2 *. municate the lame to thc people of 

- * * England ; that thc fame Nation 

afterward fhould by the Nation of the Englifb attain unto thc 
pcrfcftrulcof living in thefethingi which they had not before. 



The Governement and Order 

o F 
The Qhurch of Scotland. 

A Defcripthn and not a Vemonflration of tht 
"*^ Church of Scotland is intended . non jus fed 
fa&um , their doing Jimply and not the rea/on of 
their fo doing is dejired: The delineation therefore 
of the face of that Church, without art tficiall Co- 
lours and dijpute of her comelinejfe and beauty , is 
nakedly expreffed in t*>o Tarts : The one of her 
Officers, the other of her Aflcmblics. 

The firft part. 

I. Of the Officers of the [hurcb. 

Efide the ordinary and perpetu* 
all Officers, which are Pajiors, 
Doftors % Elders, and Deacons. 
The Church of Scotland hath no 
other at this time, nor did at any time ac- 
knowledge any other : Thelc bein g war- 
ranted by Chrift and his Apoftles,the extra- 
ordinary Minifters unto whom his will 
was revealed, and being Efficient for ail 
the neceflary u(es of the Churches, as Ex- 
hortation, Teaching, adminiftration of the 
Sacraments, Government, and diftribution* 
The Offic es of Apoftles , Evangelifts, 
and Prophets were extraordinary, and con- 
tinued in the Chriuian Church, folong as 
by the Will of God, it was needfull for the 
well of the Church ; who although in 
regard of their order, degree, manner of 

B Mini- 


Miniftration, and the places, whichthey 
did holdj which is czlkifuccefsioingradnm 
eundetn. They have properly none to fucceed 
them: yetinrcfpedt of their doctrine, ho- 
linefleof life, andfubftance of t! eir Mini- 
ftery, which is fuccefsio in caput) all faith- 
full Paftors, JawFully called to their functi- 
ons , are their fucceffbrs : And in this 
fenfe not only their firft reformers, who had 
fornewhat extraordinary, but all their faith- 
full Minifters fince, who have laboured in 
the Word and Do&rine, for the planting, 
preferving and purging of Religion to the 
edification of the Church, and no other, 
are fucceffbrs to the ApoftJes . 

The Office of a Biflhop confiding in 
power or priority above a Paftor, as having 
no warrant in the Scripture, as being a 
member of the wicked Hierarchy of the 
Pope (for, although this priority of Prelates 
had place in the Church before the Pope af- 
cended to the top of his Ambition ,• yet 
every corraption in do<Stxine, worfhip, but 
elpeciaHy in government, which, fincethe 
myftery of iniquity began to work, is re- 
tained by the Pope, and by his authority is 




obtruded upon the Church, they conceivd 
to be His) and as a curfed tree, which a- 
mongftthem hath brought forth no better 
fruits, thenherefie, and errors in do&rine, 
idolatry and fupcrftition in worfhip, Ty- 
ranny and perfection in Government, and 
leudnefle, and profanity of life both inPa- 
ftors and People^ They have abjured and^^^i^&m^ 
removed out of their Church,together with ; ^v iSt?*^- 
all the branches of that Hierarchy, and all^wfft* 
the offices, titles, dignities, and courts de-^^y^ 
pending thereupon as may beften in their £M£**> 
confeision of faith, Books of diicipline,and 
a&s of aflemblies of old, and of late. 

In the beginning of their reformation 
they had no conftiture Presbyteries , nor 
fuch provincial! and generall affemblks as 
they had afterward , and upon the other 
part they had fuperintendents , *vifiters of 
certain parts of the QountYey y and Commifsio* 
tiers forTroVmces : But they who defireto 
know the conftitution and condition of 
that Church, muft diftinguifli between her 
infancy, and her riper age, between her de 
fires, defignes, and endevours, and her at- 
tainments, proceedings and performances. 

B 2 for 


for how foon it was poiTiblefor them, pref 
byteries and affemblieSj which from the 
beginning had been intended, were ere&ed 
and eftablifhed ; And no fooner was this 
brought to pafle. But fuperintendents and 
ail others of that kinde, which at firft were 
of neceffary ufein vifitingthe Country, and 
in planting of Churches, were declared 
to be neither neceflary nor expedient for the 

The Church of Scotland hath been dip. 
quieted and much troubled with Epifco- 
pacy fince the beginning, and at laft by the 
ambition of vain men, by the power and 
working of civill authority, and by the 
corrupt affemblies of Minifters, had Pome 
footing, and was in end railed to a great 
height, and did become a mountain. And 
yet the office of a Bifhop was never received 
in that Church. But when fome Minifters, 
who in regard of their benefices were cal- 
led Biflhops, had, by their own ufurpation 
and the flavifli diipofition of their brethren, 
obtained fome degree and power over 
them. They did come into England, and, 
wi&hoitf the content or knowledge of the 

Church ; 

Church, received confeeration, and retur- 
ning home, did conlecrate others like them- 

1 1. Of their catling. 

A S no man ought to prefume to enterin- 
-^~**to any office Ecclefiafticall without an 
inward calling from God, who only dif- 
cernech the intentions, and defires of the 
heart, whether they be earthly or heavenly, 
whether they be fet upon the glory of God, 
and edifying of the Church, or upon the 
means of this life - So are there none here 
admitted without the approbation and 
judgement of men according to the rules 
of the Word j and the received order of the 

This outward calling of the Officers of 
theChurchdothconfiftin Election and Or- 
dination,after due triall and examination of 
their foundneffe in.religion 5 and godlinefle 
or life: For the better underftanding of the 
order of ehe calling of their Minifters, it is 

That in every one almoft of their CUjfes, 
or greater Presbyteries,* there be Students of 

B 3 Divi- 

Divinity; whereof fome, if they have op- 
portunity of their Studies , do make their a- 
bodc within the bounds of the Presbytery, 
and attend the meetings thereof : Others, 
who are the greater parr,ftay at the Univer- 
fitics, and in the time of vacation come 
home and wait upon the Presbytery. 

The abilities of both the oneibrt and the 
other, are tryed in private , before the Pres- 
bytery, and how foon they are found fit to 
come in publike , they enter upon the ex- 
ercife or prophecy with the Minifters of 
the Presbytery , and at fometimes are em- 
ployed and allowed to preach before the 
people : By which mean their gifts and abi- 
lities are known to the people,as their man- 
ners are manifeft by their converting a- 

Out of the number of thefe Propofints, 
or (as they call them) ExptBants y \ht Paftor 
is nominated to the vacant place by the El- 
derflhip, and by the Minifter,if any be,with 
the confent and good liking of the people, 
and if they can pitch upon none within the 
bounds of their own Presbytery they have 
their liberty to make their choice of an £x- 



peftmt of good efteem and report in fome 
other Presbytery. 

ThePerfon thus known and nominated, 
is by the particular Elderfhip; named to the 
greater Presbytery, where he is examined 
of hisskill in the Languages, Lacine, Greek^ 
and Hebrew, in his interpreting of Scripture, 
in the controverfies of Religion, in his gift 
of exhortation , in the holy and Eccleflafti- 
eall Hiftory and Chronoiogie • Andfirft of 
all, Of his life and manner of converfation . 
wherein if he be found vicious or ftandaJ- 
ous, he is not to be admitted to any other 
examination; Being thus examined, and 
found qualified for that charge, he is fent to 
the vacant place , that the people hearing 
him, may have the greater aflurance of his 
gifts for edification. 

After the people have heard him, fome 
Minifterof the Presbytery is appointed to 
preach to that people of the nccefllty of the 
Miniftery,of the excellency of a faithfull Mi- 
nifterof the qualities of aMinifter,and of 
the obedience due to the Gofpel, or of fome 
liich Theme: And at the fame time a pub- 
like Edi& is fervtd, That if any perfon or 



perfons, have any thing to obje& againft the 
literature, doctrine, or life of fuch a man, 
why he may not be a profitable Minifter of 
fuch a Parifli, They fhall appear before the 
Presbytery in Rich a place , and at fuch a 
time, that their obje&ions may betryed and 

Upon the day appoinred,the Door-keep- 
er of the Presbyterian meeting, doth call 
three ievcrall times, if there beany toobjed: 
againft the Perfbn nominated, and if any 
thing be alleadged againft him by any of 
that particular flock ; or any other to whom 
heis known, it is duely and equally ponder- 
ed by the Presbytery > and if it be found to 
have any weight , or the cafe be doubtfull, 
the ordination is fufpended till a more per- 
fect triall-Otherwife if there be nothing but 
filence, they uleto proceed.^ 

So that no man is here obtruded upon 
the people againft their open or tacitecon- 
fentand approbation^ without the voices 
of the particular Elderfliip with whom he 
is to fervein the Miniftery. But if theper- 
fon nominated be aPaftor of fome other 
flock, and his faithfulneffe known in his 



former charge,this proceffeis fpared^and his 
tranflation more fpeedily expede,if there be 
no impediments of another kinde. 

Upon the day appointed for accomplifh- 
ing his ele&ion, and for his ordination, 
which is in due time made known to the 
Congregation,and agreed upon with them, 
a Faft is ordained to be kept , with more 
than ordinary fupplication for theafliftance 
and blefling of God, in a work of fo great 
concernment: And one of the Paftors of the 
Presbytery is appointed to preach to that 
peopleof themutuall duties of Paft or and 
people. All which being done, the party, 
(who , during the time of the exerciie of 
publike worfiiip,hath been fitting in a con- 
fpicuous place before the Pulpit, accompa- 
nied with the Elders, and fome Minifters 
of the Presbytery) is called up,and demand- 
ed concerning his willingncfle and defire to 
ferve the Lord J e s u s, for the good of that 
people ; with other queftions of that kinde ; 
and the people alfo are demanded, whether 
they will receive him for their Paftor , and 
Fubmit thcmfelves unto his Miniftery in the 
Lord. Both having declared their readi- 

C nefle 



ncflc and mutuaUc gnfent, TheMinifter 
co mcth from the Pulpit, and with fo many 
of the Minifies prefent,as may convenient- 
ly come neer,lay their hands upon his head, 
and in the Name of J e s u s do appoint him 
to be the Paftor of that people, praying that 
From Jesus C h.r i s t , who is at the 
right habd of the Father, and givcth gifts un- 
to men, he may finde the demonftration of 
the Spirit, and the power and blefling of 
G o d in his Miniftery , to the comfort of 
that people. Therafter the whole Elderfhip 
give untohim theright hand of fellowflhip. 
Andlaftof all/ the Minifter goeth to the 
Pulpit, and concludeth the whole a&ion 
with pertinent th&nkfgiving and prayers, a 
Pfalm is fung , and the Affembly diffolved 

with the bJefsing. _ _^ 

By this ic may appear that Faftors or Pres- 
byters are not there admitted at large, with- 
out afsignation to a particular flock, like 
Matters of Art,or Doctors of Phyfick.They 
conceive it to be as prepoflerous for Ordi- 
nation to go before the Election of Mini- 
fters in the CJuirch, as it is firft to Crown a 
King, or Inftall a Magiftrate, and thereafter 



tochoofehimrnextinthe ordination of their 
Minifters they ufe none of the ridiculous 
toyes, and apifh conceits of Popery . but, 
according to the fimplicity of the Apoftoli- 
calland ancient Church,contentthemfeIves 
with Faili ng , Prayer , and Impolition oj^ 
hands ; Prayer > to bring down a blefsing 
upon the peribn on whofe head the hands 
are laid, and Fading, to make the prayer to 
afcend the more fervently. 

This liberty of Election is in part prejudg- 
ed & hindred by Patronages and Prefentati- 
ons which are ftill in ufe there, not by the 
rules of their difcipline, but by toleration of 
that w ch they ^cannot amend, in the mean 
time procuring, that in the cafe of prepara- 
tions by Patrons 3 the examination andtryall 
by the Presbytery^is ftill the fame/The Con- 
gregation, where he who is prefented is to 
ferve, is called, if they have ought coobje<5fc 
againft his Do&rine or life 3 after they have 
heard him,or that their confent may be had. 
And if he be found %eus ambitus fix to have 
gone about to procure a prefentation, he is 
repelled, & declared incapable of that place. 

No Paftor may thruft himfelf upon a 

flock, flg 


flock, nor after his entry,defert his charge } or 
remove himftlf to another Congregation at 
his own pleafure. The Deferters, if any be, 
are appointed to be admoniflied,and in cafe 
ofobftinacy, to be excommunicated^ If % z 
Minifter , upon lawfulland urgent caufo, 
defire to remove from oneCongregacion to 
another,or if a Minifter be called to another 
Congregation, for which he is more fit , or 
be called forth upon grave conficerations 
forfome publike employment , tending to 
the common benefit of the Church ; This is 
not done by private tranfa&ion, and parti- 
cular agreement of Minifters and Congre- 
gations,l>ut by the wifedom and authority 
of the Presbyteries or Aflemblies of the 
Church 5 Nor is it done by them, but upon 
furh reafons as fliould move that Church, 
wherein for theprefent heminiftreth , to 
give her confent : for whofe fupply al(b ; ei- 
ther a convenient courfe is prefentlytaken^or 
the way of fupply is feen to be eafie. 

The Minifter thus removed from one 
Church to another, receiveth no new ordi- 
nation, but by vertue of his firft ordination 
he ferveth in the place, unto which he is 


called and clewed: Only at his admiffion 
one of the Presbytery, who is appointed to 
preach of the duty of Paftors and people, 
and to pray tor a b.emng, recommendeth 
him to the Congregation,who have before 
declared their willingnefle and defire to re- 
ceive him, and the Congregation to his care 
and fidelity, And thePaftor, if any be, to^ff? 
gether with the Elders, with whom hefit- 
teth before the Pulpit>take him by the hand. 

Paftors and Minifters of the Word, 
through old age, ficknefle, or other infirmi- 
tie being difablcd to bear the weight, and 
difcharge the duty of their Paftorall charge, 
Do ftotwithftanding ftill retain the honour 
of their office, and comfort of maintenanc 
during their Jifctime. And they performing 
what they are able in teaching,government 
vifitation and catechifing, others are joyne 
with them by the Presbytery , and wich 
the content of the people to be their fellow 
labourers, and to undergo the main charge. 

Thefamecourfeof ele&ion and admiffi- 
on for fubftance, and in form according to 
the nature of their office, is obferved in the 
calling of other Officers, as Ruling Elders, 

C 5 and 


and T>eaans : At the beginning, and where 
Jv&fct**/*) t ' iere ^ e none, the Paftor, with the graved, 
ft»f,iti>^M^holiefl: , and thofe of the foundeft judge- 
^^^Tment, and beft affection to Religion, do 
choofe them with the content ofthereftof 
the people. And where particular Elder- 
"" ip$ are already conftitute, the Paftor and 
^ he Klders who are how in office ,do choofe 
iich as are to fuccced tho(c who are remo- 
ved by death, or any other way, or by vicif- 
fitude are to relieve fuch as are now in 
place . And that the election of one or moe 
y_^ at firft, or afterward may proceed with the 
confent of the people, their names are pub- 
lished and made known to the congregati- 
on by the Paftors, that if ought may be ob- 
jected againl any of them , why they may 
not be received to the office of an Elder or 
Deacon, it may be examined, and, if it be 
found important, others may be chofen. 
When the day of their admiffjon cometh, 
thePaftor having fram'd hisdo<5trine to the 

' iffi** ^ bmi P ur P°^ e > ca ll ec h them up, and remembring 
both them of their duty in their charge, and 
the people of their fubmitting themfelves 
unto them, they arc fblemnly received with 


lifted up hands, giving their promifes to be 
faithful! . 

III. The dif charge of their duties in par- 
ticular , and fir ft of the fa/ior. 

i . The order kept in Preaching. 
PHe Paftor is bound to teach the Word of 
God in feafbn and out of feafon , and 
befide all occafionall , and week day Ser- 
mons, which in Cities and Townes ufe to 
be at leaft two dayes every week, The 
Congregation dothaffemble twice on the 
Lords day, and for this end notice is given 
of the time by the found of a Bell .When fo 
many of all forts, men and women, ma- 
tters and fervants, young and old, asfhall 
meet together, areaffembled, The publike 
worfhip beginneth with prayer, and read- 
ing fome portion of holy Scripture both of 
the Old and New Teftament, which the 
people hear with attention and reverence, 
and after reading,the whole Congregation 
joyneth in finging fome ffaltn. This read- 
ing and finging do continue till the Preach- 
ing begin ; At which time the Minifter 
having prefaced a little for quickening and 


lifting up the hearts of the people, firftma- 
keth a prayer for remiflion of fin, Salifi- 
cation, and all things needfull, joyning alfo 
confeffion of fins, and thankfgiving, with 
(peciall relation to the hearers. After which, 
in the forenoon is another P/alm, and after 
the tPfalm a prayer for a blefling upon the 
preaching of the Word. His Text is ordina- 
rily fome part of that Book of Canonicall 
Scripture, which in his judgement he con^ 
ceiveth to be fitted for the times, and the 
condition of his flock. The Do&rine de- 
ducedjis explained and confirmed by Scrip- 
ture, and fitly, and faithfully applyed, all in 
fiich methode, manner, and cxpreflion as 
may raoft edific the hearers. 

After Sermon hepraifeth God, and pray- 
eth again for a blefsing, joyning carncft peti- 
tions for the Church VniYerfall, and for the 
coming of the Kingdom of Chrift, for all 
the affli&cd Churches, for the Churches in 
his M ajcft 'Dominions,for theChurch of Scot- 
/<*«</, Miniftery and People/or theKing,the 
Queen, the Prince, and their whole Royall 
Progeny, for all the members of that parti- 
cular Congregation , as well abfent in their 



lawfull affairs as prcfcnt, for all that are af fli- 
cked among them in body, minde or means. 
The prayer ended, a Tfalm is fung, and the 
people difmifled with a blefling. 

In the afternoon either the fame order in all 
things almoft, is followed in performing the 
parts of publike worflhip, orfome pare of the 
Catechifme is expounded, and thereafter (b 
much time as may be fpared is beftowed in 
Catechifingfomepart of the Parifh warned 
particularly to attend. 

Befide the publike means they have other 
three helps for edification, one is an ordinary 
courfe of Catcchifing on fuch dayes of the 
week, as are judged to befitteft by thePaftor, 
and Elderfliip. Another is the vifitacion of 
families by the Paftors, and the Elders each 
one in his own quarter, for crying the man- 
ners of the people, whether they walk wor- 
thy of theGoipel, for letting, and holding up 
religious exercifc in families. And that the 
Paftorfrom his particular knowledge of the 
flock committed to him, may apply his do- 
dtrine, and pray the more pertinently in pub- 
like Tie third is, Examination of allfurcsof 
perfons, who are not known tohavefome 
good meafure of- knowledge/ before the 

D " Com- 


Communion. All theft parts of the Miniftery 
in publike and private are performed more 
diligently, or negligently, according to the 
faith fulnefle or unfaithfulnefle of the Mini- 
fter, who hath according to his work, his 
praife , or cenfure at the vifitation of the 
Church, by the greater Presbytery. 

NoMinifter there, is fuffered to bea non- 
resident , or to have the charge of more 
Churches $ But if two fmall contiguous Pa- 
rifhes be united by the aflembly, to make up 
a competent congregation, he Preacheth fome- 
time in the one, and fometime in the other 
Church, as the people dodefire, and theEl- 
derfbip doth direct. 

2. The order of Baptifme. 
^FO other but the Paftor, who preacheth 
•*■ the Word hath the power of the Miniftra* 
tion of the Sacrarnents ; And concerning Bap- 
tifme it ufeth not to be haftened before feme 
day of the publike meeting of the Congrega. 
tion , nor delayed after^but upon nee effary irn. 
pediments, and is never miniftred in private 
houfes. Notice is given thereof in due time to 
the Paftor,andthat by the Father of thechild, 
if he be not juftly hindered,thata word may 
be Ipoken to him in feafon* 



After Sermon on the week dayes, and after 
Sermon in the afternoon, on the Lords day. 
The Paftor remaining in the fame place, 
where he hath Preached, and having water in 
a large Bafin provided, with a fair Linnen- 
cloth, in a convenient place, and in a decent 
manner,- The Father, or in his neceffaryab- 
fence, fome other man, who is reputed godly, 
prefenteth the child to be Baptized. 

The a&ion is begun with a ftiort and per- 
tinent prayer,next, ibme words of inftrudlion 
touching the Author, nature, ufe, and end of 
this Sacrament, the duties to be performed, in 
the one time,of the peribn to be Baptized,and 
of the parent or viceparent. Thirdly, he that 
prefenteth the childe, make:h confeffiorr of 
the Faith, into which the childe is to be Bap- 
tized, and promileth to bring up the childein 
that Faith, and in the fear of God. Fourthly, 
the Minifter being informed of the name of 
thechilde, Baptizeth thechilJe lb named, by 
fprinkling with water, Into the name of the 
Father, Son, and holy Ghcft. Laftly, theMini- 
fter conclude:h,as well the publike worfhip, 
for that time, as the adion,with thanklgiving 
for the Word, and Sacraments, and with 
prayer for a bleflin^, and with iuch Petitions, 

D 2 as 


as he ufeth at other times after Sermon.and in 
end difmifleth, the Congregation with the 

3. The order ofmimjlringtbe Communion, 
or the Lords Supper. 
'T'He Sacrament of the Lords Supper, is 
more frequently miniftred in fbene Con- 
gregations, then in other , according to the 
number of theCommunicants,and the Profi- 
ciency of the People in the way of Chrift ; and 
in fomeplaccs upon one Sabbatb,in other pla- 
ces upon two, or three Sabbaths, as it may be 
done moft conveniently, which is determi- 
ned by the Minifte^ and Elderflvip of the 

None are admited,to the Lords Suppenbut 
iuch as upon examination are found to have 
a competent meafure of knowledge in the 
grounds of Chiiftian Religion, and the do- 
ctrine of the Sacraments; and are able accor- 
ding to the Apoftles Commandemenr, and 
profcffethemfelves willing, to examine them- 
ielves , and to renew their Covenant made 
withGodinBaprifme, promifingtowalkas 
befecmcth Chriftians , and to fubmit them- 
felvesto all the Ordinances of Chrift. The 
ignorant, the Scandalous, the obflinate, and 



fuch as are under Cenfurc, or publike admo- 
nition in the way to cenfare,are not admitted; 
Neither are ftrangers received, but upon fuf- 
ficient teftimony, or otberwile be very well 

The Sabbath day next before the Commu- 
nion fliall be celebrated, publike warning 
thereof is made by the Paftor, and of the do- 
ctrine of preparation, to be taught the laft day 
of the week, or at leaft toward the end of 
the week; That the Communicants may be 
the better prepared, by the ufe of the means, 
both in private and publike. 

Upon the day of cheCornmunion (notice 
being given after the dodrine of preparation 
of the houres of meeting, which ulethtobe 
before the ordinary cirr e obferved other Sab- 
baths) a large Table decently covered, is lb 
placed, as that the Communicants may beft 
fit about it, and the whole Congregation, 
may both hear and behold . 

The Preface,prayers 5 and preaching of that 
day, are all framed to the prelent matter of the 
Sacrament, and the du ties of the receivers ; af- 
ter Sermon immediatly the Paftor ufeth 
an exhortation , and debarreih from the Ta- 
ble all ignorant , prophane, andfcandalrus 

D 3 peifons, 


perfbns,wbich beiogdone,he goeth from the 
Pulpit, and fittech down with the people at 
the Table, where the bread ftanding before 
him in great BafinSjficly prepared for b;eaki ig 
and diftribuuon,and the wine in large Cups 
in like manner, he firft readeth , andfhortly 
expounded) the words of Inftitution, (hew- 
ing the nature, jufe, and end of the Sacrament, 
and the duties of the Communicants • next he 
uieth a prayer/wherein he both giveth thanks, 
efpecially for the Ineftimable benefit of Re- 
demption,and for the means of the Word and 
Sacraments , particularly of this Sacrament, 
and prayeth earneftly to God for his power- 
full pretence , and tffe&uall working, to ac- 
company his own Ordinance, co the comfort 
of his people now to communicate. 

The Elements thus being Sanctified by the 
Word and Prayer, the MinifterSacramencally 
breakech the bread, taketh and eateth himfelf, 
and delivereth to the people , fitting in decent 
and reverent manner about the Table, but 
without difference of degrees, or acceptions of 
pcrfons • thefe that are neerefttheMinifter, 
having received the bread, do divide it from 
hand to hand amongft themfelves . when the 
Minifter delivereth the bread, according to 



2 3 
the commandment and example of Chriftjhe 
commandeth the people to take and eat, fay- 
ing, Take ye , eat ye . this is the Body of the Lord, 
Hebich is broken for you : Do it in remembrance of 
him* After all at the Table have taken and 
eaten, the Minifter taketh-the Cup,and drink- 
ing firft himfelfj he giveth it to the neereft,fay- 
ing, This {^up is the £{ew Tejiamentjntbe Slood 
of the Lord J ejus, ^hich is fliedformanyjor the 
remtfiion of fins ; drink ye all of it, for as often as 
ye do eat this Bread \ and drink this Cup , ye do 
fhew the Lords death till he come. All this time 
theElcers, ina competent number, and in a 
grave and reverent manner, do attend about 
the Table, that all who are admitted to the 
Table, may have the bread and wine in their 
own place and order of fitting 3 the Minifter 
alfo, continuing in his place , after the giving 
of the Elements, doth either by his own 
fpeechjftirup the Communicants to Spiritu- 
all meditations of faith, of the great love of 
God inChrift^ and of the Paffion -of Chrift, 
and to holy affe&ionsof love, joy, godly for- 
row, thar)kfulne{Te } and whatfbevercnay con- 
cern them at that time, orcaufeth be read the 
hiftory of the Paffion , or fome other part of 
Scripture, which may work the fame effect. 



After all at the Table have received the 
Cup, they rife from the Table, and return in a 
cjuiet manner, to their places , another com- 
pany cometh co the Table , and Co a third and 
a fourthjtill all have received in the fame man- 
ner as thefirft , during which time of remo- 
ving of the one,and approaching of the other, 
the whole Congregation fingech fome part of 
a Pfalm, touching the PaiTion , or thelove and 
kindenefle of God to his people, as f/al. zzpv 
103 ,&c. 

After the 1 aft company hath received , the 
Minifterrifing from the Table, goech to the 
Pulpit, where, after a fliort fpeech, tending 
to thankfgiving , he doth againe folemnely 
give thankes unto God for Co great a mercy, 
and prayeth as on other Sabbaths ; The prayer 
ended j all joyn in finging a Pfalm of praife, 
futable to the occafion , and are difmiffed 
with thebleffing, befote which none are to 
depart, unlefle in cafe of necefsity. 

The Communion being thus celebrated in 
the forenoon,the people meet again in t^e af- 
ternoon, at which time^he Minifter teacheth 
the Do&rine of chankfgiving,and clofeth the 
publike and fblemn worihip of that day 5 from 
which the people ufe to depart,rcfrefhed with 



the grace and peace of God, and ftrengtKened, with 
new and frefh refolutions to ferve che Lord. 
4. The order $f ' publikt f*fti*g or humiliation. 

Sometimes the faft or humiliation is of larger 
extent, to be obferved by all the Churches in 
theKingdcme, fomecime more particular, of one 
or more Congregations • Sometimes the faft is kept 
cneday only, fometimes all thedayes of the week, 
Sometimes on the Sabbath only, efpecially in the 
Countrey Churches- Sometimes upon fomeday 
of the week alfo, as in Cities or Towns; They 
neither make difference of dayes for humiliation, 
nor do they keep any fet fafts or feafts : all is difpo- 
fed and done,according as the occafions, and caufes 
do prefle or require, as may ferve moft for the end 
intended^nd may beftply with the opportunities, 
and neceffities of the Congregation. 

The Sabbath next before the faft, notice is given 
of the Caufes of humiliation, and of the times to 
be obferved, with earned exhortation to the peo- 
ple, to prepare themfelves for affli&rng their foules, 
and extraordinary humiliation. 

In many places efpecially in Cities, Towns, and 
greater Villages, or where the people may conve- 
niently affemble, The day before the faft, the do- 
ctrine of preparation to thefaftjis taught exprefsing 
the nature^ and ufe thereof, for averting the wrath 
of God. 

The dayes of the faft from morning to evening, 

E are 


are kept holy unto the Lord in the nature of an Ex- 
traordinary Sabbath, with abftincncc from meat, 
and drink , from delights and worldly labours, 
with the exercifes of reading the Law , plain 
preaching, interpretation, and particular applicati- 
on, deep humiliation, and renting of the heart for 
fin, large, and hearty confefsions of fin, fervent Am- 
plications, and earneft feeking of God, by prayer 
for pardon, wich finging of penitential! ffalms 4 
after which they have many times, found wonder- 
full deliverances, and extraordinary bleflGngs from 

5 # The order of marriage. 

ALthough marriage be no Sacrament, nor part 
of the Woifliip of God, yet they conceive that 
theMatrimoniall conjunction of Chrifhans, and 
members of the Church is moft conveniently fo- 
lemnized in the faceof theCongiegation, within- 
ftrudtionoutof Gods Word,of theInftitution,ufe, 
and ends of marriage, and of the duties of married 
perfons, and with blcfsing by the Minifter, and 
with the prayers of the Church. 

The parties are contraded before they be marri- 
ed, and before they be contracted , if there beany 
iufpicion of their ignorance, they are examined in 
the. grounds of Religion , and in their knowledge 
of themutuall duties , which they owe each to o- 
ther. Notice alfo is given of the confent of Parents, 
or vice-Parents, and that neither of them is contra- 

2 7 
<5ted before to any other party, nor any impediment 
from the degrees of Affinity a or Confanguinity pro- 
hibited ; The contract and purpofe of marriage is 
alfo publiflied , three feverall Sabbaths before the 
fame bcfolemnized , and if there be nothing obje- 
cted to hinder their marriage,then are they folemn- 
ly married, in the face of the Congregation, before 
the ending of 40 dayes from the time of the con- 

They require for marriage the free content of the 
parties come to the yeers of difcretion j and the 
knowledge and confeatof the Parents, they do not 
allow of the marriage of Infants , nor fecret and 
clandeftine contrails and marriages , nor do they 
ufc any idle rites or fupcrftitious Ceremonies , in 
the time of the Solemnization. 

6. The Order of Buriall of the dead. 
PHough Buriall be no part of the Worfliip of 
God, nor of the work of the Miniftry ; yet they 
think meet that an honcft and competent number 
ofChriftians, accompany the Chriftian friends of 
the dead unto the Grave , that they may confer and 
comfort one another by the way, and to fee the Bu- 
riall done in a grave and decent manner , remem- 
bring that fin is the caufe of death, that Chrift hath 
overcome death andthegrave, and that they who 
die in the Lord,fhall rife again to lifeeverlafting. 

Their Burials are without finging or reading, 
which the fuperftitious do conceive to be profira- 

E 2 blc, 

ble for the dead ; without Funerall Sermons,which 
do beget fuperftition,and tend to flattery ,makc the 
Gofpel to be preached with refpedt of perlbns, and 
are moft prefied by Rich as do leaft regard Sermons 
at other times j and without Feafting/vvith affe&ate 
thews of mourning, and any further pomp or Ce- 
remony, than civill differences and rePpe&s do re- 

They conceive , for many reafons, that the pla- 
ces of the affembJing of the people for the Word and 
Sacraments , ought not to be places of Buriall, 
which is therefore forbidden 5 and/or the moft parr, 
is forborn in that Kingdom. 

Regifters are ordained to be kept , of the names 
and times of all that are baptized , of all that are 
married, and all that are married. 

IV. Of Dotlors , and their Office, and of Schools. 
•X 1 He Church of Scotland hath had no other Do- 
* (ftors, but Matters and Profeflbrs of Divinity, 
in Univerfities and Colledges, of which, fomeufe 
tobechofen to be Elders of particular Churches, 
and Commiffioners to theNationall Affembly^nd 
befides thele the Teachers of more private and par- 
ticular Schools. 

They ufe to be examined and tried, both in their 
learning, and life,by the Presbiteryjandcheir charge 
is not only to bring up their fchollers in humane li- 
terature and liberal! Arts,but alfo in Civill Conver- 

z 9 
fation and good manners , but cfpccially in the 
Grounds of Chriftian Religion , by way of Ca- 

As the Doctors of CoJ'edges do keep the mee- 
tings of the Presbitery,and by courfe doprophefie, 
or make the exercife with the Minifters, fo alio do 
the mafters of private Schooles for the greater part 
of them,who therefore are a part of the Seminarie 
of the publike Miniftcry, are numbred among the 
cxpe&ams, how (bon they are enabled, to enter up- 
on the exercife,and fomecimes are imployed by the 
Minifters to help therein teaching and Catechifing 
of the people. 

The Univerfities alio ufe to be vifited by Com- 
miflioners delegated from theNationallaffembly, 
that there be nothing taught by the Profeflbrs and 
Do&ors, but what is found and confonant to the 
confeffion of faith i and the received dodtrine , and 
order of the Church; and to fee that both Matters, 
and Schollers do their duties diligently, efpecially 
that their be no (candall nor corruption of maners* 
• In like maner the more private fchooles, are vifited 
by the Presbiteries^poore fchollersof good ingines 
and expe&ation are provided in a great part of their 
maintenance, by places of the foundation of Col- 
ledges 9 which are appointed by the Founders , or 
Reformers, for that ufe, and others are maintained, 
by Contribution of particular Churches within e- 
very Presbitery } which the Paftor or Elder bringeth 

E 3 unto 

3 e 
unto them, folboncas they are chofen by the Prcs- 

V. Of Elders and their Office. 
TpHe Calling, Election, and admiffion of Elders 
* is before ipoken of. The number of Elders in 
every Parifh is not definit,but doth vary according 
to the number,and neceflky of the people; In fome 
parifhcs<S, in fome io,or iz, &c. 

Such arc chofen to be El Jers as come neereft to 
the gifts,and qualities required, by the Apoftle, and 
after they are chofen, are at all occafions exhorted 
by the Paftor to be enlamples to the flock , and to 
watch over them faithfully, againft all corruptions, 
in religion and life. And as the Paftor fliould bee 
diligent in teaching and (owing the feed , fb are the 
Elders defired to be carefull in feeing and feeking 
the fruits in the people. 

The Elders do attend with the Paftor in Chate- 
chifing the people,do affift him In vifuing the fick, 
In admonifhing all men of their duty , and if any 
will not heare them, they bring thedifobedient be- 
fore the Eldcrfhip ; In caufing thea<5ts of the aflem- 
blics, as well particular as generall , to be put in 
execution ,• But a principall part of their duty is to 
joyne alwayes, with the Paftor in the particular El- 
derfliip,and in the other aflembliesof the Church, 
as they fhall be called , for exercifing of difcipline, 
and governing the whole Congregation. 

VI. Of the Deacons and their Office, 

WHat maoer of perfons the Deacons ought to 
be,tbc Scripture is plain,and fuch they make 
choife of as are ib qualified, fo far as may be ; The 
forme of their eledtion is before exprelTed. Their 
number muft be confrderedof , according to the 
number of the poore, and the proportion of the 
Congregation ,as we fpake before r of the Elders, 

Their maine duty,is to collect, receive, and diftri- 
bute, not onely the almes , for the poore , but the 
whole Ecclefiafticall goods,which are not affigned 
and appointed, for the maintenance of particular 

Thcfe duties they muft performe , at the dis- 
cretion and by th e appointment of the Paftor, and 
Elders ; ToFwhlcb ca ufe, and not for govern ment, 
they are to be prefent at the ordinary meetings ol 

The meanes for the maintenance of the poore^ 
arecolle<fled,by the Deacons, the firft day of the^C 
weeke, and other dayes of the publike aflembling^ 
of the people to the worflhip of God, at the entry of 
the Church. And if this prove not a competency, 
then do the people either bring in their Charity, on 
luchdayes as are appointed by theElderfliip,or are 
willing to be taxed, according as they fliall be judg- 
ed to be able. In fome Cities, and Pariflies,wbcre 


this order hath been carefully obferved , none have 
been fuffereJ to beg,and none have lacked. 

Their Minifters, befide their Gleab and Manle, 
are all provided to certaine, and the mofl part , to 
competent ftipends, which are paid either in viftu- 
all or moneys,or in both : And if the charge of their 
family be great, and their children put to Schooles 
orColledges, they are helped; and fupplied by the 
charity of the people, which ufeth alfo to be exten- 
ded , if need be , toward their widows and Or- 
phanes, after their deceafc, of which the whole El- 
derfliip hath a fpeciall care. 

Every parifli almofthath fome (lock for the rc- 
liefe of ftrangcrs,and for fiipply of the extraordina- 
ry neceffiticsjof their owne poore : Hofpitalls have 
their owne rents, and the publike buildings of the 
Church, are upholden, by the Patron, and the Free- 
holders of the Parifli, unto which,if any be unwil- 
ling , he is conftrained by Law to pay his propor- 


- - - - — . — 

The Second Fart. 


I. Ofth* ^emklies of the Churchy andfirji in 

O man here, were he never fo 
eminent above others, for Pi- 
ety, Wifdome, or Learning, 
or doth he never fo much ar- 
rogate authority, to himfelf, 
hath the rains of Church Go- 
vernment in his hands to determine, or to doe 
what feemeth good in his own eyes ; But all 
matters are ad vifed, determined, and judged 
..with common content in the meetings , and 
'aflemblies of the Church , which for this end 
areof foure forts and degrees, which are com- 
monly called bvthenames of Church feflions, 
or particular Elderfliips, or Confiflones; Pres- 
byteries, or Claffes^ *Pro vinciall Synods, and 
Nationall or Generall Aflemblies. 

E Each 


Each of thefe aflemblies, hath a Prcfident 
or Moderator, who bcginncth , and endcth 
with prayer; propoundeth matters to be trea- 
ted; procuretn them to be debated if need bee, 
in an orderly way, that all may be heard, and 
none interrupted , unlefle he (peak too much; 
gathereth the voices, which are noted by the 
Clerk; and pronounceth the fenteace , or if 
there be an equality, remitteth it t© the greater 
te^resbyterie; each of them hath a Glerk , or a 
Notary ; and a Regifler of all things debated 
and done by them , efpccially of fuch matters 
as may be ©f future ufe. 

None of thefc aflemblies, fromtheleailto 
the greateft are to treat of matters pertaining to 
the civill Juriidiftion and Magiftrate , but on- 
ly of matters Spirituall and Ecclefiafticall,that 
the dodtrine and worfliip may be kept in puri- 
ty, all things be done decently, and In order, 
in the particular Churches , and that all the 
members of the Churches may walke wor- 
thy of the Gofpell. 

The letter and inferiour aflembly is fubordi- 
nare to the fuperiour and greater, ib that if any 
perfon , (hall think himfelfe wronged or di- 
ftrefled, by the un jufl proceeding of the infe- 




riour aflembly, it is la wfoll for him to feek re* 
Lefe of the greater, providing, it be done in an 
humble and peaceable way , and in the right 
orderly proceeding to the next greater aflem- 
bly, and fo of the reft, if need be, taking them 
in their fubordination untill either he be fatisfi- 
ed^ or, which rarely commeth to pafle, he a£ 
cend unto the highefl; of all. 

In matters difficult or fuchas belong to fit* 
periour aflemblies, References from the lefler 
are ordinary, but nothing belonging to anin- 
feriour aflemblie is brought before a greater, til 
either it cannot be fetIcd>or be diforderly done 
by them, or fome complaint arifc. And in that 
cafe, fo far as may ftand with truth and peace, — ~£p C~Sr 
the greater aflemblie is carefullto'prefervethe ^ 
power and authorise of the lefler; and there- 
fore matters belonging to inferiour aflemblies 
are commonly remitted unto them by the 

Inhere, one Church were it never fo grea^^^ 
hath not authoritie over another, nor is it go- l $f£ 
vcrned by any extrinlecall power; but all the 
particular Churches are of equall power and 
authority, and are ruled and judged by them- 
felves ard their owne intrinfecall power in 

E % aflemblies 


aflemblies compofed, and confiding of their 
officers and commiflioner s from them. 

//. Of r P articular Elder/hips in Tarifbes, 


He particular Eldcrfhip or Church-feffi- 
on confifteth of one or moe Minifters 
and of filders fo many in number as the pro- 
portion of the Congregation doth require^ who 
ordinarily do meet once in the week. 

;Th£ .Deaqpns -4re alydayes prefent with the 
ffiders 3 nQtrlo r^ gQVernmeQt \ bgt that^fiey 
may make ktiOwne the cafe and neceffities of 
the poore, and may confult and receive dire- 
julion for thciriupply. 

_,The Minifler of the pariih is alwayes mode- 
~ra(Or of this Meeting, and ifthere be moe Mi- 
nifters then one^the moderator is either chofen 
or they doe moderate bycourfe^ providing 
that none bee moderator while any matter is 
eated, which concerneth his own particular. 
The matters treated by this elderfhip., are 
fuch particulars as conccrne the worfhip of 
God in thatChurch^as,what dayes of the week 
f*W>J*Ufc are meete/l; for aflTembling to the publick wor- 
^ ^l^^aa&^^P^ Lt ma y be. had & be thought necefTary, 






what houres on the Lords day before and af- 
ter noone, which are variable according to the 
length or fhortneffe of the day^in Summer and 
Winter 3 what times are fitted for publick Ca- 
techifingj and for vifiting of particular fami- 
lies^ how often 3 and at what times the Lords 
Supperismoftfeafonably minifl:red:all which 
are proper for keeping of order m thatChurch, 
and cannot be f o fitly determined by a faperi- 
our atTemblie ; the Elders alio do here delate 
Icandalous peribns 3 and bring them to pub- 
lick repentarice according to the forme pre- 
ferred in the greater affemblies : But if there 
be any doubt or difficulties or if the offences 
znd fcandals be great and hainous., or if the de- 
linquents adde obftinacic and impenitencie to 
their fault, then are they warned to appear be- 
fore the greater Presbyterie there to receive or- 
der for their cenfure, or to be itnt home again 
to give fatisfaftion^or to make their repentance 
in their owne Church where they have given 
offence, and where the fault was committed : 
For example, a man behaving himfelfe fcanda-^ 
loullie with a woman y both unmaried and 
fingle perfons, is firffadmoniflied and rebu- 
ked^ if fornication appeare^ he is called before 



the Hlderftup, brought to the fenfc and -con- 
feffion of his fault , and ordained to make his 
publick repentance according to the order of 
the Churchy and to abftaine from ail fcanda- 
lous behaviour afterward. But if he prove ob- 
Ilinate , hee is conveened before the greater 
'resbyterie, the matter is examincd^and either 
he promifcth to give obedience to his ownc 
jElderfhip, or in cafe of continued obftinacie, 
the cenfures of tBeXIiurch proceed againft 
^him. But if there bee a fcandall of adakerie 
or murder, the noifeand fcandall whereof is 
far fpread, and filleth all mens earcs round a- 
bout, the parties are brought before the greater 
Presbytene, and the particular Elder/hip doth 
before prepare the parties for their appearance 
before the Presbyterie. 

The fame faults which are brought before 
the particular or greater Presbytery in an eccle- 
fiaflicall way ^ arealfo punifhed by thecivill 
magiflrate 3 and the pecuniall muld or penalty 
is given to the Deacons to bee kept in the 
Church treafure for the benefit of the poore, or 
other pious ufes. 

Nothing ufeth to bee done by the lefler or 
greater presbytery in ordering the pubJicke 


Wor/hip, in cenfuring of delinquents or 
bringing them to publick repentance^ but ac- 
cording to the fctled order of the Churchy and 
with expreffe ortacite confentof the congre- 
gation, and if there beany new emergents that Aetv&ncfr 
caufe doubting or hxfitation, the matter is re- *"?' 
mitted to the greater aflemblies of the Church. 

III. The Order of Excommunication. 

r A LL baptized perfbns, when they come 
XX to age and difcretioa 3 arc not admit- 
ted to the Lords table ; but fuch onely as 
either upon examination are found to have a 
competent meafureof knowledge iniheprin- 
ciples of Religion, doe profefle that they arc 
beleevcrs and doe live unblameably, orcom- 
ming from another Congregation bring with 
them fufficient teflimonie that they are fuch, 
or are otherwife well knowne and approved. 

The Minifter and Elders ufe all meanes in 
private and publick to bring all others within 
the parifh to knowledge 3 faitb,and holine/Te of 
life,that they may be fitted for the LordsTable. 

But this not admiffion to the Communion is 
one thing, and excommunication of haynous 


of ob&bate offenders is another jhing very 

In cafe of obilinacieand wilfullimpeniten- 
cie, even when the offences are not fo great and 
.. >i*sW fcandalous, they proceed to excommunicati- 
on, but with great meeknefle, iongfuftering, 
and by many degrees , the cenfure being fo 
weighty, and they defirous to gaine the finner 
to repentance. 

If any perfon walke 'unworthy of the 
Gofpell, or commit any trefpafTe, he is ( JUn- 
lefle the fcandall bee publike and notorious;) 
admonished firfl fecretly by one, next by two 
or three more. And thirdly, If he contemne 
both.then according to the order prefenbedby 
our Saviour, Mat. 18. The matter is brought 
before the Minifter and Elders where he is aC- 
cufed both of the trefpaflfe and of the con- 
tempt. If he^annoty^tj^brough^ to repen- 
tan ce ^ then is the mafrteTIn fome meafttfe 
jnade k nov^ne^nto the Congregation, ari d 
hee called before the greater Presbytery ; 
where if hegive fignes of his repentance, heis 
remitted to fatisfie his ownefeffion. But if 
hej ^&Un fasojjfti nacie, then by the Ordi- 
nance of the Tresbytery, the particular eJder- 


/ mad 

fhip is to proceed againft htm with the cen* 
furcs of the Church even to excommuni- 

The matter being thus heard kno wne and 
judged, and the whole procefle revifed by the 
greater presbytery , the next Sabbath without 
delay, the trcfpaiTc and order of admonitions 
are declared to the Congregation, and the per 
fon without fpecification of his name, admo- 
nifhedyettofatisfie : Whichifheftillrefufe 
to doe, the next Sabbath his name with his 
offence and contempt , are pubLfhed , if he 
yet continue obflinatc, then the next, which 
is the third Sabbath, is he charged publtckly 
to fatisfie for his offence and contempt under 
the paine of excommunication. If now he 
offer himfelfe to the particular Presbyterie, 
then do they ac the appointment of the Pres- 
byterie^ive order for his publick repentance, 
the removing of the fcandall , and his recon- 
cilement to the Church, otherwise the Mi- 
nifter proceedeth in this ord.r. 

The Sabbath after the third publick ad- 
monition , the Minifter with confent of the 
£lder(hip, is to make knowne to the Congre- 
gation that fuch a perfon is to be excommu- 

F nicated 

1 4*7 

nicated, warning all that have anything to 
objeft againft it, that they appeare the next 
leflion day ; And for theprefent , that the 
whole Congregation powre forth their fup- 
plicatio os, that God would grant him repen- 
tance, and to come out ofthefnareofthede^ 
Vill.Ifnothingbeobjeiftcd.or ifnoneforhim 
witnefle any appearanceof repentance, then is 
the danger of theperfon b and the weight of 
the fentencelaid open the next Sabbath, and 
he the fecond time prayed for pubjicidy. /fat 
laft upon the next Sabbath there be no figne 
of repentance, then is he praied for the third 
time, and there being no meane unaffaied,nor 
remedy left to reclaime him 5 hee isTtruckeil 
with the terrible fentence of excommunicati- 
on, with calling upon the Name of God to 
ratifie the fentence in Heaven, and the people 
warned to hold him as an Heathen, or a Pub- 
lican, and to fhun all communion with him,, 
except intiiaturall and civill duties to be ftill 
performed by luch as are bound. It is- to bee 
underftood, that where the crimes are fuch 
that they cry to the heavens for revenge 5 
wafte the conference ^ and by the law of 
God deferve death., .and the tranfgrefior cer- 

talnly knowne, . the precede may be more 
fummane^. excommunication more haftned^, 
as on the other pre of abfolutidn , the time 
would be" longer j and the triall of repentance 

After excommunication, he is permitted CO 
come to the preaching of the Word, yet fo as 
it may appeare that he commeth as one not 
having comrtiunion with the church. Nei- 
ther is he debarred from p rlvatc counfell, in- 
ftrudtion J admonition, and prayer , that in 
endh.s fpirit may befaved. If after excommu- 
nication the Elder '(hip- finde the fignesof re- 
pentance 3 as rhe good life and behaviour of 
the e^communicatc^declarationof the griefe 
of his heart, and his humble fubmiffion to the 
order of the Church, in all things that may 
reconcile him to God and his people I they 
fhall with joy of heart make it kno wne to ihe 
Congregation by the Minifter^that they may 
alfo have joy over their bro her repenting : or 
if they have ought to objeft againft he :rutli 
of his repentance, they may give notice there- 
of at the next meeting of the filderfhip, where 
if nothing be alleaged againft him , after he 
hath obeyd the injundions ofthefildei/hip 

F 2 for 

for his further humiliation and the better try- 
all of his repentance, he is either brought be- 
fore the greater PresbyCerie, asall Other peni- 
tents for great crimes, or by relation from his 
GWne filderfhip 3 is to give them fausfa&ion 
in the fignes of his repentance that he may be 
As all publick penitents are received ,(0 is the 
exComunicateabfolved in the face of the con- 
gregation, before whom being brought by the 
iSlders at the time appointed y he maketh free 
confeflfion of his finne and mourneth for it, 
cryeth to God for mercie, f eeketh to be recon- 
ciled to the Church and promifeth ne w obe- 
diencej with which all being fatisfied.and wil- 
ling to receive him into their common and 
mutuali confolation , the Minifter who 
preacheth for that time pronoUnceth him up- 
on his repentance to bee abfolvcd in the 
Name of Chrift from his finne, and free of the 
cenfurs of the Church, and have right through 
faith to Chrift and all his benefits and ordi- 
nances, praifing God for his grace, and pray- 
ing that he may be fully accepted to his favour, 
loofed in Heaven, and heare the voice of joy 
and gladneflfe. 



After the fcntence of abfolution, the Mini- 
fter fpeakech to him as to a brother exhorting 
him to watch and pray 3 or comforting him if 
he have need,, the Elders imbrace him i and the 
whole congregation kcepeth communion 
with him as if he had never offended. 

As the Presbyterie excommunicato pro- 
fane pro fefTorSj fo doth it alfo-depofe Preach* 
ers, iffhey be teachers of corrupt Doftrine, if 
their lives continue fcandalous aftfr admoni- 
tion y if they be bu fie in renting the Church a 
fundcr by fchifme and divifion ; if they be gi- 
ven to blafphemie, profanation of the Lords 
day 3 fimonie., perjurie^drunkenneffe^fighting, 
or any other finne 3 for which , whether in re- 
fpecfl of the greatne/Te of the finne 3 or by re^r 
fon of the contempt and obftinacic when the 
finne is not fo great 3 private perfbns are ex- 
communicated ; and although they be upon 
their repentance abfolvcd from thefentenee of 
excommunication J yet in fome cafes efpecial- 
ly, where the crime inferreth a perpetuall in- 
famie > are they never readmitted to the Mini- 
fiery > except upon the unanimous and mod 
earneftdefire of the whole Church where they 
ferved before. 

mi of 


IV; Of greater Presbyteries or C/aJfes*. 


THc Presbyterie or Clafficall meeting 
doth confift of particular neighbouring 
Chuiches in fuch-a circuite as may'conv^ni- 
ently meet together, to the number of ten ,, fix- 
teenc 3 twehue,or fo many as the vicinitie of the 
places/ and parities may well accommodate. 
It is fupp^fecl that the whole particular E\- 
der (hips cannot well aflemblc in one place or- 
dinarilyy neither is it neceffarie.There be there- 
fore befide the K4inifltr or "Miniflers of the 
Congregation f who are. fuppofed to be perpe- 
tuall membe'rs of the Pre^bytet ie 3 fbme of fpe- 
ciail^note choftn out of the £lders & by them, 
who receiving from them commiflion may 
t eptefent the whole -from each patticulaf EL 
dcrfhip , one of the J31ders with the Mimfter 
or Minifters repalrethto the place of meeting: 
fo that the mbmbers of this Presbytefiali 
meeting are all the Minilters within theCir- 
cult, and one filder delegated from each par- 
ticular Elderfhip. 

None of the Minifters are permitted to be 
abfentj unlefle they be detained bynecelTarie 


( 47J 
impediments or extradrdinarie imployments. 
And therefore the day of the meeting of the 
Presbyterie may not bddeftihatetoordinarie 
preaching ? Nor are they to Wait that dayiupi. 
on fplemnizina of manages. The names arc 
called by the Clerk.,, and the.abfents are noted 
and examined the next day upon^helreafons 
of their abfence- and if any happen toabfent 
themfelves many dayes without reasonable 
caUfes^ they are fet apart and cenfured as guilr 
tie of the cpntempt or neglecftof the order of 
the Church . But the Elders are not fo flrift- 
lie tied to ordinarie attendance ; but if there be 
any matter of great weight to be handiedjthcy 
are all warned to beprefent: Andifheewho 
was formerly Commiflioner may not affift^ a- 
nother Commiffioner in his place may bee 
chofen by the £lder/hip. 

It is permitted to the expectants having en- 
tered before uponthepublickexercifeorpra- 
phefietafitbythe Minifters and Elders in the 
meeting of the Presbyterie , and to give their 
judgement of the dodlrine , but they have no 
voice when matters of dotfrine or difcipline 
are debated.And in the handlingof Ibme mat- 
ters which are thought {it to be concealed and 


keptfecret, till they be by common confent 
publifhed, they ufc to be removed. 

Because the whole difcipline in a manner is 
in the hands of the Presbyterie, they are to 
meet once a week or fortnight upon a certaine 
day,and in a certain plaCe,but in fome places, 
through the length and deepneffe of the way 
in winter, they do not meet fo often. 

Thefubjed: and matters treated in the Pret 
bytery are all the Ecclcfiaflicall matters of 
weightjwhich concern the particular Church- 
es there reprefented, as the examination , or- 
dination j fufpenfion, and depofition of Mini- 
fters; fcandals of Minifters in dodrine, life, 
or any part of their calling • the decerning of 
excommunication, references., and appellati- 
ons from particular £lderfhips,and the amen- 
ding of any thing that hath beene negligently 
or weakly done by them ; the anfwering alfo 
of queflions and requefts from other Presby- 
teries^ChurcheSjOr perfons,or fending ofCom- 
miflioners in ibme cafes to other Churches or 
Presbyteries, whether to admonxllioradvife 
them, Or tofeek counfellfrom them , but fo 
that they have no aurho ity without the limiiS 
of i heir own confociation. 


The Miniftcrs and £?lders who are Com- 
miflioners, together with the expectants and 
others who arepleafed to beprefent , meeting 
in the place, and at the day and hourc appoin- 
ted j which ufeth to be one halfe houre after 
nine a clock in the forenoone, whereof warn- 
ing is given by the found of a bell 5 that fb all 
the affaires of that day (unlefle there be fome- 
what extraordinary to hold them longer)may 
bee eXped again f\ mid-day , doe begin with 
prayer, and proceed to the textuall interpre- 
tation of Scripture, which is done by the Mi- 
niflers, each one in his own place by courfe,or 
by the expe&an ts, whole names are fet forth in 
a tablc 3 or written in the Regifter of the Pres- 
byterie for that endjafter the firfl fpeaker,fome 
other who followeth in order, and is alfo ap- 
pointed by the Presbvterie the day before, 
fpeaketh in the fecond place, collecting fome 
do<flrines one or moe upon the text expoun- 
ded and iliewing the ufe thereof. The fecond 
fpeaker having ended about eleven a clock,the 
exercife is doled with thank fpi vine- bv him 
whofpake hrfl:. The matter of each dayes ex- 
ercife is fome portion of that particular book 

G of 


of the Old or New Teftament agreed upon in 
the Presbyterie;once every moneth fome com- 
mon place or controverfie is handled , unto 
which the exercife giveth place for that day. 
Zhe ground is read in Scripture; thefla-eof 
the queftion propounded , che arguments for 
the truth prefled and vindicated from the So- 
phiftication of the ad veriaries • but the argu - 
ments contra are left to bee proponed in the 
Presby teriall meeting by fiich Miniflers as are 
called by the Moderator to diipute upon the 
propofitions, or Thefts exhibit,thedayofthe 
meeting nextbeforejbythecontraverfar, and 
are propugned by him , the Moderator being 
frafes of the difputation. That the Presbyte- 
ne may gothorowallthecontroverfies, they 
have alio a table wherein they are alldigcfted 
in order, fo that each minifter or ex peccant 
knoweth a moneth before what is next to be 

The exercife or common head of controver- 
fie ended in publicly the people depart , and 
the M inifters and Elders with others , who are 
permitted to bee prefent, goe to the private 
place of their meeting, where all being fetia 


\ j- s 

order, and the Moderator having begun with 
prayer,, the dodrine delivered in publick is 
examined,and each one of the Presbyterie and 
e* pedants, either appro veth,or in charity and 
fobernefleof fpirit,propOundeth his doubt a- 
gainft any point fpoken of, which being done, 
the fpeakers for that day are Called upon (they 
being apart at this time) their interpretation 
and d©#rine approved, and they encouraged 
or (if there be caufe) they are in a brotherly 
manner admoniftied. The do&rine cenfured. 
(for this they call the cenfure of the dodrine.) 
The matters before mentioned to be the fubjed 
of the Presbyteriall jurisdidtion,are propoun- 
ded, modeftly debated, and'either concluded, 
or taken to further deliberation, or remitted to 
the Synod,and fo the meeting concluded with 
prayer. The Moderator either continueth in 
his place betweene one Frovinciall Synod and 
another, or for a fhorter time, but they think it 
not fit to change the Moderator at every 

The Presbyteries aifo do vifit thefeverall 
Churches within their bounds,either by hold- 
ing their foil meetings at the Churches, or by 

G 2 fending 

lending their commiflioners thither, that they 
may fee how the ordinances of Chrifl are ufed 
and obeyed, by the Minifter , Eldcrfhip, and 
all the congregation, and that if any thing be 
amifle, it may be rectified. 

V. OfTrovmciafl Syntis. 

THc whole Kingdomeisbythewifdomc 
of the General! aflemblie, fo divided in 
Provinces, as the Miniflers and Elders may, 
for vicinity of place, beft meet in Provincial! 
Synods, without refpeft to Epifcopall Dio- 
cefes, the particular Churches whereof are fo 
far caft a funder in Scot land that they cannot 
conveniently joyne in provinciall Synods. 

The provinciall Synode is of the fame con- 
stitution with the Presbyterie, and doth con- 
fift of all the Minifters, and one Elder having 
commiflion, as before, from each particular 
Church within the province. 

It meeteth ordinarily twice a yeare, but the 
place & the time of the meeting are chofen ac- 
cording totheconveniencieofthe Churches 
of the province,and as the exigence of their af- 


hives doth require. The Moderator of the for- 
mer Synod y openeth the Synod with a Ser- 
rnofl, fit for fuch an afTembly ; and after Ser- 
mon fettmg himfelfe downe in his place^with 
the clerk of the Synod ( who for the rnofl part 
is one of the Miniflers chefen by plurality of 
voices) beginneth with prayer 3 caufethths 
names of the Miniflers to be read, who not 
only anfwer for their owneprefence(theab- 
fcnt being notedj but alfo give up the names of 
the Commiffioners from thefeverall Church- 
es j which are written^dowa by the C\cvk y and 
their commifTions alfo read 3 if need be, and 
proceedeth to the choofing of a new mode- 

The Moderator is thus chofen.A lift is made 
by the former moderator of foure or fiveof the 
ablefl men for wifdome^ authority and dexte- 
rity for fuch an employment which is appro- 
ved by the content of the Synod. Andifany 
member of the Synod be pleafed to adde any 
other (6 qualified to the lift , his name is joy- 
ned with the former, and out of this lift the 
Moderator is chofen by the fuffrages of the Mr 
nillers and Elders, and fet in the place of the 
former Moderator. The 


The new Moderator firfl: of all calleth for 
the Regifters of the feverall Presbyteries,, and 
putteth them in the hands of the Minifters of 
other different Tresbyteries toberevifedand 
examined, That by the Records it may bee 
knowne how they have kept order, and per- 
formed what hath beene recommended unto 
them by the preceeding Synods. And what 
and how matters have been treated by them at 
every feffion, that they may be Cenfured or al- 
io wed, which upon the report of the rcvifcrs 
is accordingly done in the face of the Synod. 

If there be any references from the Sy node 
before,they are firfl debated and determined, 
and thereafter new matters are brought into 
deliberation. What was obfcure or difficult 
for the Treshyteries, or might concerne them 
all in common \ is here refblved and ordered, 
what hath beene done amiffeis redreflfed, And 
if any difficultie arife which doth not fall un- 
der fome Church conftitution, it is referred to 
the nationall aflemblie. 

Before the aflemblie be defolved., each Pref- 
byterie is fet a part by courfc and enquirie 
made from the reft, if there bee any knowne 


fcandallj faulty or negligence a mongft them., 
That it may be in a brotherly manner cenfured, 
like as upon the day of the meeting of the 
Presbyterie next going before the Svnod- all 
the members of the Presbyterie fuffer the like 
inquirie each one a part by all the reft. 

As the Moderator beginneth and endeth 
everie feflion before and after noon with pray- 
er,fo doth he fomewhat more folemnlie elofe 
the Synod with fome pithie and pertinent ex- 
hortation^ and heartie thankfgiving and prat- 
er unto God. 

All matters., where thefe Synods are ordina- 
rily kept 3 are with fuch diligence e*ped 
That the Minilters(none of them having above 
a ftiort daies journey, and Tuefday being ufu- 
ally the firfl day of their meeting) may return 
to their charge againft the Lords day., having 
notice of the day and place of the next follow- 
ing Synod, and carrying with them fuch atfb 
as are neceflarie that they may be made known 
to their particular Elderfhips and congregati- 
ons. And thanks may be given in every Con- 
gregation for the good proceedings of the Sy- 
nod^ and for the libertie of the Churches. 


Thefe^Synods are not alwaics held at one 
time i and therefore if there be caufe, feme 
Gommifiioners are fentfrom one Synod to a- 
nother , for their judgement and advice in 
matters of difficulties which is reported at the 
following Synod for their fur therrefolution, 
and that fo farreas is poflible there may bee a 
conformitie in all things. 

VI. Of National I Synods or Generall jfftem- 

THe nationall aflemblie meeteth once in 
the yeare, and the time of the following 
aflembly agreed upon before the rifing of the 
former, or oftner^ re nata y concerning which 
fome Ministers have commiflion and war- 
rant from the aflemblie Co give timely adver- 
tifement to the Presbyteries for ehoofingand 
fending their Commiflioners. 

This great aflemblie ufeth to bee honoured 
with the Kings Ma jellies prefence either in his 
royall Perfon, or by his High Commiflioner, 
who doth all the parts of a Suprcame Civill 
Prefident. In a peaceable ordering of the 


whole proceedings of fo frequent and holy a 
meeringjthat aH mens reafons aind voices mav 
be hesrd, and in acquainting himfeifewith 
the groHnds of every constitution thatfhall 
be agreed Upon, that by his Princely authori- 
se they may be obferved, and if need require 
the fan&ion of the Civil! Law may beadded., 
for which end alfb certaine Commrflioners 
from theaffemblie are fent to attend the Par- 

It doth ConfiftofCommifTionersfromthe 
Presbyteries or Clafles 3 chreeMinifters and 
OneiSld r from each Presbyterie^ who are 
chofen by the voices of theMimfters and -El- 
ders fent from the particular filderftiipSj and 
of one Commiffioncr from the Church feflion 
of every royall Burgh , that there may bee 
fbme proportion and equalitie. Others alio 
are permitted although not to voice j yet to 
heare, propound, and debate,, provided that 
they firft obtainc leave of the Moderator : and 
that it may appear to be done animo adificandi^ 
non tentandi. 

The firft day of the affemblie is kept with 
afolemne faft and humiliation, wherein the 

H whole 


whole Gitie or Towne, which is the Seat of 
the affemblie, ufeth to joyne with powerfull 
preaching and eameft praiers from morning 
till night. 

The particular Churches alfo throughout the 
Kingdome , upon che daies of their publick 
meeting, pray to God for his direftion, affifl:- 
ance, and blefling unto the aflemblie y that 
they may bee led into all truth , and all the 
Churches be refreihed with the fweet fruits 

The next day the Moderator of the prece- 
ding aflemblie beginneth with praier, caufedi 
the Clerk call the Presbyteries , and take up 
the names of the Commiflioners, Minifters, 
and iSlders, who give in their Commiflions, 
which being read, examined, and allowed, 
they proceed to thechufingof a new Modera- 
tor j keeping the fame order which is fet 
downe before in choofing the Moderator of 
the Provinciall Synod. 

The new Moderator calleth for the Re- 
cords of the Synods, and by the voices of the 
aflfembliechoofeth a Committee for perufing 
and trying them; a Committee for the bils, 


complaints, and petitions tobeprefentedtd 
the aflcmblic , and fuch other Committees 
as are ordinarie for preparing of weightie 
matters for the alTemblie 3 and for cutting oft 
idleaiid impert»nent thirtgs^thaf thedifpatch 
may be the more fpeedie and eafie^whcn they 
Hull be brought to open debate aod voycing ; 
ill references from Synods., appellations,grie- 
vances, complaints, petitions,are here exami- 
ned and anfwered ; Ads and conftitutions for 
all the Churches arc agreed upon with Com- 
mon confentj and if there be any considerable 
contradiction, and the doubts andfcruples, 
which are madebenotfatisfied, matters are 
remitted to further deliberation till the next 
affemblie • courfe is taken for planting of 
Churches , with able Miniftcrs,tnat the Go- 
ipell may be fpread through the whole Nati- 
on ; Rules are fet downe by which the inferl- 
our aflcmblies fhall bee dire&ed in all their 
proceedings ; all meancsufed that the Church 
be not wronged, neither by confounding the 
Civilland ficclefiafticall jurifdidion, nor by 
the abufing or intervening the patrimonie of 
the Church, 

H z The 


The Commiffioncrs of each Presby eerie do 
carrie home with them a truecopieofallfuch 
a£b as doc conceme all the Churches , that 
they may walk by one and the fame rule. 

The Moderator giveih forth Summons fig- 
ncd with his own hand, and the hand of the 
Cleikc, for citing of perfons in the name 
of the aflemblie to compare before the 
next meeting thereof, with certification of the 
cenfures of the Church in cafe of difbbedi- 

The Conclujion. , 

IN the authontie of thefe aflemblies Paro- 
chial!, Presbyteriall, Yrovinciall, and Na- 
tionally and in the fubordination of the lefler 
Unto the greater 3 or of more particular E\- 
derfhips to the larger and generall Elderfhip, 
doth confifl the externall order, ftrength,and 
ftedfaftnefle of the Church of Scotland, which 
is lovely and comfortable to all fearing God, 
whether Paftor or profeflbrs, and hath beene 
very awcfull and terrible , as an Armie with 
Banners,to all Papilts,to all ff creticks 3 Sehif- 


matic-ks, Hirelings, and all ungodly peribns: 
As upon the one part they break not the brui- 
fed reed no; quench the fmoaking fla>:, but do 
chenfh and labour to ( bring to ripenefle and 
uie, the graineof Muftardfeed in fmccre be- 
ginners, and the {"mailed talent in Preachers 
having thezealeofGod ; So upon the other 
part, no fcandall of proud Tinners efcapeth 
cenfuie , no hereHe or error is fooner hatched, 
but is. either prefently fpied out and crufhed 
by lomcof the inferiour a/Temblies, or, if it be 
kept on foot and gather ftiength , it is quite 
fupprefled and e\'tinguifhed in the general! 
arferablie which meeteth once in the year, and 
never fuflfereth fuch baftard births to grow to 
be one yeare old , which is a true and mainc 
Caufe why no fe&s nor crroUrs have appeared 
in the reformed Church of France, and in the 
Churches of Scotland \ 8c of the Low-Countries, 
fo long as they enjoyed the libertie and happi- 
neifeof aflemblies, which they did no fooner 
by i he mer tie of God recover, but immediate- 
ly at their brightnefle, the mifts and miidewes 
gathered before were fcattered and e vanished. 
And aSj by the order and power of thefe aflem- 


bWcSy Foxes arc taken that t hey fpoile not the 
Vines 3 and Gangrenes are prevented that they 
fpread not againft tiuth and unity y all forts of 
lewd and wicked men are difcouraged and 
put to fhame t So is there excited among the 
Godly Miniflers an holy emulation by ac- 
quaintance y conference , and by perceiving 
the gifts one of another, which maketh them 
returne from the aflemblies, withameaneand 
humble conceipt of themfelves,and with new 
and flrong refolutions for greater diligence in 
their ftudies., and faithfulnefle in every Pafto- 
rall duty j to the common benefit and edifica- 
tion of all the Churches j all the Miniflers are 
made more wife in matte, s ofGovernement • 
and all the Congregations are affecfted with 
reverence to what is required of chem by their 
particular Elderfliips., as having the confent 
and approbation of the whole Church. Many 
fuch fruits are reaped of thefc aflemblies, 
which without them no particular perfon or 
congregation can have any ground to hope for 
or expe&. 

They have no Arch-bifhops, DiocefanBi- 
(hops., Suffragancs, no Chapters., no Curats, 


dumbe nor idle Mimfters, no hirelings, non- 
refidents , nor pluralifts , no Dcancs nor 
Arch-DeaCons, no Chanters , Sub-chanters, 
nor Treafurers, no Chancellors, Officials, nor 
Apparitors , no Canons , Peti-Canons , Pre- 
bends, Sinoin^mcn nor boyes j And yet with- 
out thefe and the like, they have pra^ife and 
ufe of all the ordinances of Chrift ; all matters 
Bcclefiatticall determined, remitting qucfti- 
ons of tithes ,. manages, divorcements , &c 
to the civill Judge to whom they properlie do 
belong, and all petitions, complaints, and 
Church grievances heard and redrefled, which 
they efieeme as the f weet yoke of Chrift, and 
think it a great eafe both to their confeiences 
and eflaics to be free of fuch bundles and bur- 
thens of trafh and fuperfluities. They con- 
ceive that to ere<5i Presbyteries^ Synods, and 
Nationall aflerablies , and ftill Co keepe Pre- 
lates and the members of that Hierarchic is 3 in 
the matter of Church government, not Unlike 
the Popifh adding of Traditions to Scripture 
in the rule of faith, or Works unto faith in the 
point of juftification,&c.additions ro Chrifts 
inflitution, being not onlyinreipe&of their 


author humane inventions 3 and for any ufe 
they can haye idlements, vanities, and follies; 
but that they doalfocorruptthe purity, and 
eat out the life of the ordinances of Chrift. 

Here there is a fuperiori ty without tyrannie, 
for no Minifter hath a Papall or Monarchicall 
Jurifdidibn over his own flock , far leilc over 
other Pallors, and over all the Congregations 
or a large Dxoces. Here there is a paritie with- 
out confufion and diforder,for the Paftors are 
in order before the aiders, and the Elders be- 
fore the Deacons ; the Church is fubordinatc 
to thePresbyterie, the Presbytene, to the Sy- 
nod, and the Synod to rhe Nationallaflembly. 
One Paftor alfo hath priority before another, 
for age, for zeale, for gifts, for his good defer- 
vinos of the Church, each one honouring him 
whom God hath honoured, and as he beareth 
the image of God , which was to bee ieene a- 
mongft the Apoftles themfelves. But none 
Tiatli power Or jurifdidion above others : even 
as in nature one eye hath not power over ano- 
ther, only the head hath power over all, even 
as Thrift over his Church. The fame may bee 
feene in the Common-wealth, andinfomeof 


the offices of the Roman Church It felfe. And 
laftly ., here there is a fubjedion without ilave- 
rie 3 for the people are fubj eft to the 7* aftors 
a nd Jftcmblks; yet ther e is no i/flicmblie 
wherein everic p articular Church hath not in- r^) 
tereR and power ^ nor is there any thing donz/r^ 
but they are^if not adually 5 yet virtually called 
to content unto it. 

As they have done and fuffered much for 
rindicating and maintaining the libertie of 
their Religion^that what belongeth Unto God 
may be rendred.unto God ; So do they defire^ 
that according to the rule of righteoufneile, 
each man have his owne,and above all men., 
That the things which are Cafars be rendred 
unto him^and to give him that which is Gods 
were a wronging both of God and C afar. They 
have ever beene willing to taxes and to pay 
fubfidies above that w * 1 they were able. They 
joyne w th the inward reverence of their heajts., 
external!, honour and obedience in all things 
lawfull. They powre forth their prayers to 
God in private and publick., for all blefhngs 
fpirituall and tempo rail upon his R oy all Per- 
. fon and Government 3 and upon his flrogepie ; 

I and 


and for the fame bleffings Upon the Queenes 
Afajeftie , efpecially chat God by his Spirit 
would give unto her the knowledge and love 
of the truth. They long foirhg: con verfion as 
an happinefTe to her ielfe., and iraeane of great 
happineffe to-the King, to their Children, and 
to all their Sub je&s. f And, that the Lord may 
anfwer their praiers, they thinj£$t incumbent 
to the Church of England y uotifian any bond 
what foe ver oblige them to the Contrarie, to 
ufe the belt and moll po werfull meanes , and 
would moll willingly ifl all hutnilitie, love 
and refpecfi , joyne their endeavours for that 
blefled end. ^nd as they thus prefent their befl: 
defires and prayers, fo are they readie to facri-* 
fice their lives to God for his Majerties good, 

<y&*' and in their hearts are grieved that their loyal- 
ty, which they account their no fmall glorie, 
£hould have beene called in queftion. 

Neither is this all. But moreover they doc 

acknowledge thaC his Majeftiejas fupreame 

Magiftrate, hath not f onely charge over the 

Common- wealth , but doth watch and hath 

xj<*P infpe&ion over the Church and Church mat- 

/PO ters, but in a civil! way. Vos Epifc&pi inEccle- 


(6T) y 

fia (faith ConSfantine) Ego extra Ecclefiam Efif- 
cofus a Deo conflitutusfum. And therefore that 
he is,, by his high calling and place., Cuffos u- 
triuftfa tabu/*,to command the precepts of the 
firft table as well as of the fecond table to bee 
obeyed : That he is Vindex Religion^ by his 
fword, as the Spirit of God in Scripture is /#- 
*fcx, and the Church is Index : That hee hath 
power to turn the constitutions of the church 
into laweSj and to confirme them by the ci- 
vill fan<5tion in Parliament : That he may con- 
ftraine all ibis fubjecls to do dutie in matters of 
religion , and may punifh the tranfgreflbis : 
That when debates arife about Religion^ hee 
Jhath jpower to call the Ailemblies of the 
Churchy to be prefent and civilly prefide in 
them^andto examine their cOnftitutions,, that 
he may difcerne of them both as a Chriftiar} 
caring for his Own foule^and as fupreame Ma- 
giftrate Watching over his people : and that he 
may do all things which can prove him to be 
a kinde and carefull nurfing Father. They ac- 
count all that is vomited out to the contrarie, 
[as j that they liked ^fnarchie better then Mo- 
narchic j and that they would turntaKino;- 

I 2 dome V 


dome into a dcmocratle^to be but the fi&ions 
and calumnies of the malitious enemies of God 
.and his truth,* not unlike the lies which 
were devifed againft the Christians of old : 
their .confeiences ^ their words , writings, 
and adions , evdn then when the world 
did put the worfl conRrudions upon them y 
were witnefles of the integritie of their hearts. 
They doe flill hold that there can bee no 
antipathy betwixt one Ordinance of God and 
another. By him 'Princes do reigne, and hee 
hath alio appointed the Officers and Govern- 
ment of his own hoHfe.They do defire nothing 
more then that the Sonne of God may reigne, 
and that with and under the Sonne of God,the 
King may command ,, and they, as good fub- 
je&s to thrift and the King, may obey.